Why Don’t More HVAC Contractors Own Duct Leakage Testers?
With new energy code and green building program requirements on the horizon, we may be reaching a tipping point
HVAC(Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning). Collectively, the mechanical systems that heat, ventilate, and cool a building. contractors own a lot of equipment. Of course, they have pressure gauges to test refrigerant charge in air conditioners and heat pumps, and many more pieces of technical equipment. One piece that few contractors own, however, is a duct leakage tester.
With more and more state energy codes requiring duct leakage tests, doesn't it seem obvious that HVAC contractors need to be like plumbers and test their own work before passing it off?
Ducts must be tested at the end of the job
Here's another compelling reason for contractors to own duct testers: The Energy StarLabeling system sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency and the US Department of Energy for labeling the most energy-efficient products on the market; applies to a wide range of products, from computers and office equipment to refrigerators and air conditioners. new homes program now requires the duct leakage test to be done at the final inspection, not rough-in. With Revision 06, footnote 17 in theHVAC System Quality Installation Rater Checklist says:
“Duct leakage shall be determined and documented by a Rater using a RESNET-approved testing protocol only after all components of the system have been installed including the air handler, the ductwork, the duct boots, and the register grilles atop the finished surface (e.g., drywall, carpeting, flooring).”
And just in case that isn't clear enough, they wrote this in the Revision 06 Highlights:
“To clarify, duct leakage testing must occur when the duct system is in its final state, which is to say after all components of the system have been installed including the air handler, the ductwork, the duct boots, and the register grilles atop the finished surface (e.g., drywall, carpeting, flooring). A leakage test at “rough-in” does not meet this intent, though may be helpful for identifying leaks that need sealing.” [Emphasis added.]
I think this is a great change in the program because I've always had a problem with using a rough-in duct leakage test as the final result, which many HERS raters have done. Testing at rough-in is a great idea because you can catch problems before they become much more difficult and expensive to fix. Once the drywall goes up, access becomes a big issue. But as Energy Star now realizes, a rough-in test is not good enough to use in a home energy rating.
If you own your own testing equipment, you'll be ready for inspection
Back to the original question now: why don't more HVAC contractors own duct leakage testers? If they're installing ducts, they really should ensure that the ducts have been installed and sealed properly. If a third party is going to come in when the house is complete and test for duct leakage, it only makes sense for the contractor to test at rough-in so they know they'll pass at final.
I realize that there's a lot of pressure on HVAC contractors working in new construction to keep their prices rock-bottom. Now, with building codes raising the standards, they're being pulled in the other direction, too. It's almost like homebuilders and code officials are doing an experiment to determine the tensile strength of HVAC contractors.
Can you spare $1,124?
I'm not an HVAC contractor, but if I were, I'd definitely own a duct leakage tester. They're not really that expensive, as the prices have come down significantly in recent months. TruTech Tools is selling them for a little over a thousand dollars. Just 3 years ago, I bought one for nearly two grand.
Some people call me a purist because of my stands on issues like this. I guess I am, in a way. I also believe in following Steve Martin's advice: “Be so good they can't ignore you.”
In this changing environment for HVAC and homebuilding, you've got to be good.
Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a RESNET-accredited energy consultant, trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard blog.
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