Prefab Passive House Partnership Hits a Milestone
A house is assembled in New York from panels manufactured in Maine, while Phoenix Haus in Detroit moves into high gear
It took four carpenters and six crane days to assemble Elizabeth Scott's new house in Altamont, New York, and when they were finished the partnership of Ecocor and architect Richard Pedranti had reached an important goal for their new line of "Solsken" Passive HouseA residential building construction standard requiring very low levels of air leakage, very high levels of insulation, and windows with a very low U-factor. Developed in the early 1990s by Bo Adamson and Wolfgang Feist, the standard is now promoted by the Passivhaus Institut in Darmstadt, Germany. To meet the standard, a home must have an infiltration rate no greater than 0.60 AC/H @ 50 pascals, a maximum annual heating energy use of 15 kWh per square meter (4,755 Btu per square foot), a maximum annual cooling energy use of 15 kWh per square meter (1.39 kWh per square foot), and maximum source energy use for all purposes of 120 kWh per square meter (11.1 kWh per square foot). The standard recommends, but does not require, a maximum design heating load of 10 W per square meter and windows with a maximum U-factor of 0.14. The Passivhaus standard was developed for buildings in central and northern Europe; efforts are underway to clarify the best techniques to achieve the standard for buildings in hot climates. prefabs.
The wall and roof assemblies were built in Ecocor's Searsmont, Maine, assembly plant using Pedranti's design. The 2,215-square-foot house, a modified Goldenrod model home, is one of 11 designs posted at Ecocor's website and the first of the Passive House homes to roll off the production line.
Ecocor said that the house is the first in the U.S. to be manufactured with Randek equipment from Sweden, and it will eventually be submitted for certification through the Passivhaus Institut of Germany, and possibly with the Passive House Institute U.S. as well.
Ecocor founder Chris Corson said by email that an initial blower-door testTest used to determine a home’s airtightness: a powerful fan is mounted in an exterior door opening and used to pressurize or depressurize the house. By measuring the force needed to maintain a certain pressure difference, a measure of the home’s airtightness can be determined. Operating the blower door also exaggerates air leakage and permits a weatherization contractor to find and seal those leakage areas. was scheduled March 16. It will be up to the homeowner and the local general contractor on the job to complete the home, but judging from an earlier project the house could be ready for its new owner in as little as two months.
It's an important milestone for Ecocor, but the company is not alone in building Passive House-certified components for panelized houses. In Detroit, a company called Phoenix Haus is using the same tooling and similar materials and techniques to produce its own panelized Passive Houses.
House components are PHI certified
Ecocor's wall and roof sections are built with the help of computerized equipment that turns Pedranti's architectural drawings into cutting lists that can be fed into the sophisticated Randek equipment at the Ecocor plant. Panelized parts, made with a combination of I-joists and dimensional lumber, are air-sealed and then insulated with dense-packed cellulose before they are trucked to the site for assembly. Once the house is put together, it still needs interior work, including more insulation, siding, and roofing.
The Ecocor-Pedranti partnership publishes prices for their houses online. The smallest of the model homes is 323 square feet and sells for $140,000 in Maine. (The tiered pricing schedule calls for higher prices in New England, the Mid-Atlantic region, and then the rest of the country.) The most expensive is a 2,230-square-foot home that costs $525,000 in Maine, and more elsewhere.
Customers can start with a model home and work with Pedranti on modifications, as Scott did. Ecocor said that Scott originally planned on an 800-square-foot house with a detached workshop, but then opted to work with Pedranti on an expanded design.
The house is built on a frost-protected shallow foundation completed by an Ecocor crew. Altamont is a community of about 1,700 people west of Albany, New York. Scott is having the house built on a lot next to her parents' passive solar house built in 1979 by Bruce Brownell.
Phoenix looks to expand into Colorado
Phoenix Haus principal Bill McDonald said by telephone that the company launched operations in Detroit in 2015 and has built four single-family homes that are either certified or certifiable under the Passive House standard.
The company uses cellulose insulationThermal insulation made from recycled newspaper or other wastepaper; often treated with borates for fire and insect protection. cavity insulation, fiberboard insulation on the exterior, and a variety of acrylic-based membranes and sealants. Wall sections have an R-valueMeasure of resistance to heat flow; the higher the R-value, the lower the heat loss. The inverse of U-factor. of 50, and roofs have am R-value of 70, according to the company's website.
The Phoenix Haus production line also uses Randek equipment.
McDonald said that in addition to the Detroit production facility, the company is expanding its presence into Colorado with a sales office in the Denver area.
Phoenix Haus is the company behind the first house in Michigan to be certified by the Passivhaus Institut (see “A Prefab Passive House in Michigan”).
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