Brick Flooring

Salvaged Brick

Thin-Sliced Salvaged Chicago Brick

Brick Flooring

Green Leaf Brick

Are there such things as green furnishings and carpeting?

Yes. Look for locally-produced, VOC-free furnishings and finishes

Both carpeting and furniture can degrade indoor air quality if they are manufactured or finished with materials that emit noxious chemicals, a process called off-gassing.


Installed Correctly, Brick Veneer Lasts a Long Time

UPDATED 11/26/2012

Tab 0

Premium Tab 0

Premium Tab 1

Premium Tab 2

Premium Tab 3

Image Credits:

  1. Don Mannes/Fine Homebuilding #142
  2. Roe A. Osborn/Fine Homebuilding #142
  3. Dan Morrison/Fine Homebuilding #192
Tags: , ,

Green Neighborhood in North Carolina

Durham, NC

Oct 15 2008 By Rob Wotzak | 0 comments

General Specs and Team

Location: Durham, NC
Cost (USD/sq. ft.): $65/sqf

Completed: 1998-1999
Bedrooms: 2-4
Bathrooms: 21/2

Living space: 962-1,974 sq. ft.

Owner/developer: Sherri Zann Rosenthal
Builder: Craig Morrison, Cimarron Homes
Architect/designer: Jeffrey Davis
Landscape architect: Ken Coulter, Coulter Hart Jewell Thames
Engineer: Jim Thames, Coulter Hart Jewell Thames
Environmental building consultant: Arnie Katz, Advanced Energy Corp.
Geothermal contractor: Bill Evangelist, Evangelist Service Co.


Foundation: slab on grade, 1 in. EPSExpanded polystyrene. Type of rigid foam insulation that, unlike extruded polystyrene (XPS), does not contain ozone-depleting HCFCs. EPS frequently has a high recycled content. Its vapor permeability is higher and its R-value lower than XPS insulation. EPS insulation is classified by type: Type I is lowest in density and strength and Type X is highest. insulation at perimeter and extending 20 in. under slab (R-3.6)
Walls: 2x4, 16 in. o.c.; damp-spray cellulose (R-15)
Windows: low-eLow-emissivity coating. Very thin metallic coating on glass or plastic window glazing that permits most of the sun’s short-wave (light) radiation to enter, while blocking up to 90% of the long-wave (heat) radiation. Low-e coatings boost a window’s R-value and reduce its U-factor., double-pane, argonInert (chemically stable) gas, which, because of its low thermal conductivity, is often used as gas fill between the panes of energy-efficient windows. -filled on east-, west-, north-facing; south-facing, clear (not low-e), argon-filled (Caradco)
Roof: 2x8, 16 in. o.c.; vented; blown cellulose on flat ceilings, fiberglass batt in sloped ceilings (R-30)
Garage: None


Heating/cooling: closed-loop 1.5- or 2-ton GSHPs (water furnace)
Water heating: electric water heater
Annual energy use: 19 MMBtu average

Although solar hot water was not included in the initial construction, water heaters were located for future solar collectors.

  • Windows laid out for ample daylightingUse of sunlight for daytime lighting needs. Daylighting strategies include solar orientation of windows as well as the use of skylights, clerestory windows, solar tubes, reflective surfaces, and interior glazing to allow light to move through a structure. and cross-ventilation
  • Passive solar design, including slab floor as thermal massHeavy, high-heat-capacity material that can absorb and store a significant amount of heat; used in passive solar heating to keep the house warm at night.
  • Roof overhangs, reflective roof, and natural cross-ventilation reduce cooling load

Water Efficiency

  • Low-flow plumbing fixtures
  • Drought-tolerant, native plants

Indoor Air Quality

  • Most flooring is concrete or wood


Green Materials and Resource Efficiency

  • 100% recycled PET carpeting
  • Most materials locally sourced


None: (development predates most certification programs)

Twenty-two homes in a cluster made for walking

Eno Commons takes the idea of green homebuilding to another level — the community level. The Durham, North Carolina, project includes 22 energy-efficient homes that, in accordance with the community concept at the heart of Eno Commons, encircle a comfortable walking path while car traffic and parking are kept to the perimeter.

Lessons Learned

Even with such a dedicated, team effort, there are usually surprises. Because the first two horizontal loops for the ground-source heat pumps were so destructive to a site that was to be left 75 percent undisturbed, the remaining loops were inserted into drilled vertical wells at significant extra cost. On a less serious note, even though local building officials were uncomfortable with the lack of driveways, buyers were most interested in the home sites farthest from the parking area.

Rob Wotzak is assistant editor at

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Image Credits:

  1. Triangle J Council of Governments
  2. Robert Heinich
  3. Scott Gibson

Use salvaged brick

Brick often can be used more than once.
Used brick is typically taken to a landfill even though it may be reusable. Bricks vary significantly in their composition and quality; carefully assess salvaged brick and use it only where appropriate. Be especially careful when placing bricks on or below grade where there is the potential for freezing.

Green points

NGBSNational Green Building Standard Based on the NAHB Model Green Home Building Guidelines and passed through ANSI. This standard can be applied to both new homes, remodeling projects, and additions. /ICC-700: 3 points for reusing salvaged building materials where materials and labor is at least 1 percent of total construction costs (603.2).

Register for a free account and join the conversation

Get a free account and join the conversation!
Become a GBA PRO!

Syndicate content