Air-sealed Mudsill Assembly
Air-sealed Mudsill Assembly: You only have one chance to get this critical detail perfect
The mudsill is one of the most critical components of a successful Passive houseA residential building construction standard requiring very low levels of air leakage, very high levels of insulation, and windows with a very low U-factor. Developed in the early 1990s by Bo Adamson and Wolfgang Feist, the standard is now promoted by the Passivhaus Institut in Darmstadt, Germany. To meet the standard, a home must have an infiltration rate no greater than 0.60 AC/H @ 50 pascals, a maximum annual heating energy use of 15 kWh per square meter (4,755 Btu per square foot), a maximum annual cooling energy use of 15 kWh per square meter (1.39 kWh per square foot), and maximum source energy use for all purposes of 120 kWh per square meter (11.1 kWh per square foot). The standard recommends, but does not require, a maximum design heating load of 10 W per square meter and windows with a maximum U-factor of 0.14. The Passivhaus standard was developed for buildings in central and northern Europe; efforts are underway to clarify the best techniques to achieve the standard for buildings in hot climates.. It involves a connection between dissimilar materials, and making such a connection airtight is a challenge. even the best stemwall will have some imperfections. also, the mudsill typically will be wet from its preservative treatment and from the lumberyard, and it will shrink as it dries. This means that there likely will be gaps between the wood and the concrete.
[To read more of Steve Baczek's article from the February/March 2014 issue of Fine Homebuilding, click the link below.]