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Green Building News

Finding the Smartest Use for Smart Meters

By themselves, the meters rarely lead to reductions in energy use, says a recent research report. The key is to combine them with information that motivates consumers to change their habits

Half-smart? Real-time and contextual usage data are more likely to prompt consumers to change their usage patterns than smart-meter information delivered with a utility bill.
Image Credit: istockphoto

Even though energy use can be reduced dramatically by straightforward, cost-effective retrofits – switching to CFL light bulbs, beefing up insulation and airtightness, etc. – utility companies and other energy-use experts still devote a lot of time and effort to changing consumers’ energy-usage patterns, which can be some of the squirrelliest variables in the energy efficiency equation.

A report released last week by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, a nonprofit research group based in Washington, D.C., zeros in on the disconnect between actual energy savings and the intended energy-saving benefits of installing “smart meters,” which can be read remotely by utility companies and provide more-detailed usage information to customers on their monthly bills. Studies have shown that changing usage behavior alone can reduce energy costs in a home by as much as 15% and electricity consumption by as much as 12%. But behavior doesn’t seem to change much under utility programs that rely entirely on smart metering. The missing ingredient, the ACEEE report says, is usage information that consumers can track in real time and compare with usage patterns elsewhere in their community.

Adding context

That’s not a new concept, but over the past couple years it has attracted the attention of several companies looking for ways to exploit the possibilities. In previous posts, we’ve mentioned some of the tools that can be used to help consumers closely track their household energy use, such as home dashboards that display electricity consumption in real time, and Web-based monitoring systems that provide similarly detailed usage data, such as Google’s PowerMeter, Microsoft’s Hohm, and systems being developed by network specialists Cisco Systems and Verizon Communications, and one by “smart grid” specialist Silver Spring Networks). An even broader approach is being taken by a company called OPOWER, whose Home Energy Reporting System is designed to tell utility customers how their rates of energy use rank relative to those of other homeowners in their service area.

The OPOWER strategy seems especially pertinent to findings in the ACEEE report, whose lead author, Karen Ehrhardt-Martinez, a senior research associate at University of Colorado’s Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute, notes that consumers are more likely to take positive action if their usage is framed against a backdrop of usage in the neighborhood.

“Rather than simply presenting consumers with information about the amount of energy consumed during the past month, enhanced billing programs in the short-term can provide a context in which consumers can evaluate their consumption levels and give expert recommendations about the best approaches for reducing energy consumption,” Ehrhardt-Martinez says. “People may be unhappy to get an electricity bill for $200, but it’s even worse to find out that your neighbors’ energy bills are half what you’re paying even though their homes are the same size. Through enhanced billing consumers can better evaluate their energy consumption practices, determine how energy is being wasted, and take action.”

The report notes that, depending on how it’s implemented, energy-use feedback has the potential to reduce consumers’ electricity costs by $2 billion to $35 billion over the next 20 years.

4 Comments

  1. Aj Builder, Upstate NY Zone 6a | | #1

    Off grid is the best solution
    Self sustaining individuals neighborhoods towns states countries and continents.

    I think moving to smart grids is moving toward widespread singular entity dependence that certainly will need many pre thought of backup systems for all kinds of nightmare scenarios... from war to terrorism to natural.

  2. Aj Builder, Upstate NY Zone 6a | | #2

    change priorities by taxing carbon
    I just replaced a nice kitchen. Cost $70,000. They just wanted new, nothing really needed replacement.

    That amount of money would have bought enough PV to take them to net zero.

  3. User avater GBA Editor
    Martin Holladay | | #3

    Response to Adkjac
    Adkjac,
    You wrote, "Off grid is the best solution."

    Do you live off grid? I do. Off-grid electricity is far more expensive -- and far more polluting, especially in winter -- than grid electricity. The grid is an extremely efficient invention that lowers our electricity cost and improves efficiency.

  4. Brian O' Hanlon | | #4

    Electrical devices
    I compiled together some bits of research I did into the area of electrical device usage in homes, and various trends, technologies and so forth, in a blog entry.

    http://designcomment.blogspot.com/2010/06/home-wiring-system.html

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