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Frugal Happy: A Car-Free Experiment

What happens when you can’t jump into your pickup and head to the big box store?

Not everyone owns a pickup truck. Renovating a house means frequent runs for lumber and other materials. With a little planning it can be managed without a gas-powered vehicle.
Image Credit: Wen Lee and Chris Stratton
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Not everyone owns a pickup truck. Renovating a house means frequent runs for lumber and other materials. With a little planning it can be managed without a gas-powered vehicle.
Image Credit: Wen Lee and Chris Stratton
Basic transportation: Bicycles. For longer trips, this electric bike is a better choice. It reaches speeds of 22 mph and goes 100 miles between charges. The fastest of the lot is this electric scooter that can top 50 mph. With a little planning, it also can carry a heavy load. A trailer gives the electric bike a surprising amount of capacity.

Editor’s Note: This post is one of a series by Chris Stratton and Wen Lee, a husband-and-wife team living in the Los Angeles area who are turning their suburban house into an all-electric, zero-net energy home. They chronicle their attempts at a low-carbon, low-cost, and joyful lifestyle on their blog Frugal Happy. This post was written by Wen.

Our dream is to enjoy life without a car. Why? Three main reasons.

Pollution: We don’t want to contribute to climate change.

Happiness and health: Driving makes us feel grumpy and lazy.

Money: Cars are expensive.

But can we do it here? This isn’t San Francisco or New York City. This is Southern California, where pretty much every city was designed for the automobile. Things are spread far apart, the streets are huge, and public transit is lacking in most neighborhoods.

When I was growing up here, driving a car was seen as the only way to get around. The only people who walked, biked, or took public transit were young kids and poor people — and everyone pitied them. I remember as a teenager impatiently waiting until I was old enough to get my license. Driving was a status symbol.

Then I moved to other places in the country, and experienced different transportation systems. I learned that cars were, in fact, not the only option. For seven years, Chris and I lived car-free in northern California and Oregon. It’s not only possible, it’s awesome.

So here I am back in the San Gabriel Valley, trying to reinvent how I get around this place. It’s definitely a challenge. We can’t just do exactly what we used to do up north, which was walk, bike, and take public transit everywhere. Pretty much nothing here is within walking distance. Some places are within biking distance (most are not), but the roads are dominated by cars. Public transit in the LA area is improving and may be a viable option depending on your starting and ending points, but often it’s too far away or too slow.

Meet the fleet

But we’re determined to try, and we have some tricks up our sleeves. We’re excited to introduce to you… our new fleet!

Fleet Vehicle #1: Bicycles — our old trusted friends. They’ve been with us through thick and thin, and we will always use them if we can (see Image #2 below). They are the cleanest vehicle option (100% human-powered) and provide the most exercise. Any trip within 5 miles that doesn’t involve heavy or unwieldy objects or a time constraint should be accomplished with these bikes.

Fleet Vehicle #2: Electric bicycle. What if we need to go farther than 5 miles, though? (A common need in SoCal.) We have a ODK U500 by Juiced Bikes (see Image #3 below). It is advertised as “the ultimate car-replacement electric bicycle,” and we’d have to agree. It can go 22 mph and up to 100 miles per charge. It can accommodate two passengers. It has a carrying capacity of 400 pounds. It can pull a trailer and haul even more stuff. Of our fleet, this vehicle has the largest hauling capacity. We love this thing, but it’s pretty heavy (70 lb.) so that can be cumbersome. And while it’s faster than a standard bike, it’s still much slower than a car.

Fleet Vehicle #3: Electric scooter. All right, sometimes we need to go 15 or more miles. Or we really don’t have 45 minutes to spare for travel time. Sometimes, we just need a fast vehicle. Enter the scooter (see Image #4 below)! This is the Govecs GO! S3.4. We bought it used on Craigslist. It can go up to 53 mph (so no highway riding) and has a range of around 60 miles per charge. The motor is quiet, yet powerful — this thing can really zip! California law treats scooters like motorcycles, so we had to get the scooter registered, buy insurance, and get our motorcycle licenses. That was a bit of a pain, but not terrible. We’ve found that the range varies depending on the weather (the scooter battery does NOT like cold), but overall this scooter has changed our life. Now we just need to make sure it doesn’t make us lazy and stop biking.

That’s our fleet. Pretty good team, I’d say.

But, just in case…

In full disclosure, I should mention that we do have a car. It’s an old family sedan that sits in our garage. We are doing everything in our power to not use it. The point of the experiment is to see if we can get by without it. If yes, then we will sell it and do a happy dance. In the meantime, we’ve decided to keep it around and maintain a driving log, keeping track of when we do use it, why we use it, and for what purpose. So far, we’ve been using the car three or four times each month. That’s more than we’d like, but still way less than the average person living here. We’re working on getting this number down.

Our car-free experiment has been going for a few months now. What have we learned? Many things.

A new fleet costs money upfront. We spent about $3,500 on the e-bike and about $6,000 on the scooter (about 20% of that was shipping). This is a significant amount of money. However, it’s still much cheaper than a car. We don’t need to buy gas. Motorcycle insurance is $80 a year, way less than car insurance. So compared to buying and maintaining a car, we’re still saving some serious cash.

Electric vehicles are not guaranteed green. Our main goal in going car-free is to avoid using fossil fuels and contributing to climate change. Going electric means we are no longer burning gasoline, but we still have to charge the vehicles. For the most part, unfortunately, electricity is generated by burning fossil fuels. So in order to accomplish our goal of having a zero-emission fleet, we have to use electricity produced from clean energy. Our solution was to install PV panels on our roof. Now, going solar was an adventure in itself, and we’ll write a separate blog post all about it. In the meantime I will just say: Solar is amazing! Our vehicles are powered by the sun, and it feels good. So long, fossil fuels.

You might be wondering how we feel about electric cars. Given that we have solar panels, we hypothetically could drive an all-electric car and spew no carbon pollution. However, electric cars are quite pricey and we’d rather not buy one if we can help it. Also we’d then be subjected to the whims of LA traffic, which gives me nightmares.

Hauling the freight

You can carry a lot of stuff without a car. Between our cargo e-bike, Burley trailer, and Bikes At Work trailer, we’ve been able to haul an impressive amount of things (see Image #5 below). I have to give Chris most of the credit for this. He’s definitely the most creative when it comes to how to load cargo on our non-cars. Since he’s doing so much work on the house, he needs to haul awkward things like lumber, sawhorses, and miter saws.

We also like to buy our food in bulk to save money and minimize packaging (think 50-lb. bags of flour, cases of oranges, and 25 lb. of beans), so we often come home from the market with enormous quantities of food. We are quite the sight. Even the scooter has a respectable carrying capacity, as long as you’re willing to get a little creative.

Going car-free involves a paradigm shift. Traveling by bike is a completely different experience than traveling by car. In a car, you are pretty much whizzing around in a comfy bubble, separated from your surroundings. Driving to one place feels about the same as driving to another. On a bike, you’re not just using the streets, you are out in the open experiencing the streets. You are moving much, much slower. Sensing the weather, feeling every crack and bump in the road, noting the buildings and cars and trees and people as you pass them. Every ride is a new experience.

Going car-free also means adopting a new timescale. It might take 30 minutes to go 5 miles on a bike. It might take an hour to go 12 miles on public transit. And that’s okay. One shouldn’t compare it to car travel. It’s a totally different thing.

Urban planning matters. Biking in the San Gabriel Valley is not like biking in Oakland. At all. Up north, streets are narrow and blocks are short, so cars drive slower. Here streets are huge and blocks are long, so cars go fast. In Oakland, I could bike in the street and feel more or less equal to the cars next to me. But here I feel puny, tiny, and slow. There aren’t as many bike lanes or bike-friendly streets, and there is less awareness (among both drivers and bikers) about bicycle safety. It really can feel dangerous at times, which is why so few people bike here.

Chris and I both have years of urban biking experience, but we have developed completely new biking skills here, learning to navigate high-speed streets, gigantic multi-lane intersections, oceans of parking lots, and an overall dismissive attitude toward bicycles. It was kind of scary at first, but we’ve adapted. We feel it’s important to be out there and increase the bike presence in this area. The more bikers are out there, the better things will get for us. We’re with you, BikeSGV!

Possibilities of car-sharing

Sharing is a thing. Car-sharing and ride-sharing are getting increasingly popular around the country. This potentially could be the final piece to our car-free puzzle. For times when we absolutely do need a car (like the three or four times a month we’ve been logging thus far), we could use services like Zipcar or Lyft to get access to a car without owning one. The nearest Zipcars from our house are about 4 miles away, which is definitely bikeable. We haven’t used them yet, but we may start.

We’re turning heads. I mean, there aren’t many vehicles around here that look like ours. We’ve gotten many surprised and/or amused looks, and lots of smiles (but also some glares). A few people have even cheered for us, yelling “niiiice!” or “woo!” with their fist up. My favorite is when we’re at a red light and people roll down their window and say things like, “Is that electric? I should get one!” That makes us feel good.

I’m sure there is a lot more to learn, and many more questions that need to be answered. It will be interesting to see in six months’ time if we are still so enthusiastic about going car-free, and whether we end up selling the car. I hope yes to both, but we’ll see how it goes.


  1. Expert Member

    Nicely done! One of the things I like the least about living in the county is the reliance on a car for almost every trip. Perhaps strangely, renovations and small jobs require a lot more visits to suppliers than new construction, where pretty much everything gets delivered in large whacks. I built my first three houses with a Honda Civic hatchback.

  2. jackofalltrades777 | | #2

    Different strokes...
    Different strokes for different folks. Using a bike for everything is not my thing nor is it feasible for most people. The US is a large chunk of land and rural populations are spread out and require vehicles. I enjoy my automobile and I enjoy driving on the open roads and seeing the sites and experiencing different parts of the USA in my vehicle.

    To each his or her own but I love my vehicle and it provides freedom and adventure. I also don't think riding a bike is going to stop climate change or change the world. That's like throwing a pebble into the Grand Canyon thinking it will fill up the canyon. That piece of lumber you picked up on your bike came on an 18-wheeler that drove for thousands of miles. That saw you picked up on your bike came on a barge shipped across the ocean and then landed on port which was then transported to the Lowe's or Home Depot in an 18-wheeler.

  3. GBA Editor
    Martin Holladay | | #3

    Location matters
    My reaction was similar to Malcolm's. It would be fun to live somewhere where an electric scooter makes sense. (That would be somewhere with paved roads that aren't too steep -- roads that are rarely covered with snow and ice.)

    The last patch of snow in my yard melted yesterday, and we're probably looking at 5 snow-free months ahead. Then it's back to winter -- and negotiating a very steep gravel road from the valley below up to our ridge. But in Los Angeles, it makes sense to charge an electric scooter with a roof-mounted PV array. And I bet it's a lot of fun.

  4. jcstratton | | #4

    @ Peter re: autos and impacts
    Peter yes I agree that different vehicles make sense in different locales. We live in a huge country and many of us live far enough from stores, services, etc. that doing everything by bicycle is not practical. But I would say that the choice is not binary -- car or bike. There is a LOT of grey area and a LOT of room for creative solutions for people who are open to it. Each place and each life situation needs an appropriate transportation strategy, but I think that in pretty much every case, even today there is a zero or near-zero carbon option available if you're willing to make it a priority.

    To your larger point about doing the "last mile" carbon free whilst congratulating ourselves and ignoring the entire fossil-fuel-laden supply chain that brought the product to where we purchased it -- I couldn't agree more. We absolutely need to address the carbon emission of container ships and 18-wheelers, freight trains, etc. Because these constitute the vast preponderance of emissions related to our purchase, it doesn't follow that we should just throw up our hands and say, "what's the point!?!" It means we should do our little part AND work to generate the political will to change those behemoth industries -- first and foremost by putting a price on carbon pollution. An organization called Citizens Climate Lobby is helping make that happen.

    In many dense urban areas, the "freedom and adventure" myth of the personal automobile has revealed itself to be an utter farce. Here in LA and in many car-based cities, people spend a significant percentage of their waking hours sitting motionless (or nearly so), spewing pollution and complaining about "traffic". The near exclusive prioritization of the automobile has taken a tremendous toll on the liveability of our cities.

    Also, actually the lumber that I picked up was salvaged from a local house, but your point remains. As to the futility of riding a bike with regards to climate change, I agree one person switching from a car to a bike doesn't make a huge impact in itself. But if it inspires others to make change then its impact is magnified. Also, if every person conceded that making personal changes is futile, then nothing would change. But if every person made some change, they would add up to an enormous difference. I think the biggest changes that happen are in our own minds.

  5. JC72 | | #5

    At least it works for them. I just hope they're not turning down opportunities to better their future lives at the expense of not owning a car. Besides, when kids come along I suspect they'll become owners of a nice EV.

  6. GBA Editor
    Martin Holladay | | #6

    Moving materials in Cambodia
    In Cambodia, construction materials are often delivered by a motorcycle pulling a trailer. Below is one of the five photos in "Construction in Cambodia" showing this delivery method.


  7. DC_Eakin | | #7

    Idle Car
    If your use of your car is as infrequent as you say, I would strongly recommend selling it. Cars and trucks are engineered to be run; letting them sit idle actually accelerates their degradation. Engine oil does not burn off accumulated moisture, additives in fuel evaporate off leaving water (from the ethanol) and gummy deposits, brake fluid absorbs more moisture and corrodes brake parts, rodents really like chewing on the plant-based wire insulation. You would do better with renting a truck or getting a ride-sharing service when you need it.

  8. jcstratton | | #8

    @ John
    Interesting, John. Can you elaborate on what kinds of things you have in mind when you say "turning down opportunities to better their future lives at the expense of not owning a car"?

    For the record, we do own a car but we use it infrequently. I'd like to hear what you mean, but a few things come to mind. I do think there are personal concessions that are made when you give up full access to a car. [And yet more concessions when foregoing air travel, but that's another topic.] For example, we live near the San Gabriel mountains. It's very (prohibitively) difficult to get to many great mountain hiking and camping trails without driving. So we end up not doing it. Any time we happen to go up there with a group of (driving) friends, I am reminded of this missed opportunity.

    But I'd say that choosing not to bike also entails missed opportunities. Every decision has opportunity costs that should be considered. At the risk of sounding too grand, in the greater scheme of things, the opportunity cost of unmitigated fossil fuel use is our prospect of a liveable planet. Again I concede that one family's decision to radically reduce their emissions is not by itself making much difference. But if it gets people talking about alternatives and making changes, and provides an imperfect suggestion of how we might begin to go about living a fulfilling yet low-carbon life, then it's worthwhile. Plus, it's fun. :)

    As for kids and EVs, we'll see.

  9. jcstratton | | #9

    @ David re: idle car
    I fully concede letting a car sit idle is not good for it. But really there's not much to lose. It's a 1999 Civic with 80k miles. It's worth very little and we have per-mile insurance, so there's little incentive to sell. The closest car share spot (zip car) is about 5 miles away -- too far to be useful. The root of your comment seems to at least in part to be about what's best for the car? As long as it remains relatively safe and reliable when we happen to need it, I'm not concerned about what's best for the car. For us, its utility comes from use value, not trade value.

    At some point, entropy comes to all of us. It's okay. Right now maybe the best thing our car can do is just sit there idle, moldering.

  10. Expert Member
    MALCOLM TAYLOR | | #10

    We never owned a car until we moved to the country in our late 30s. Living in the centre of walkable cities helped. I'd be hard pressed to think of something we had to forego during those years. Apart for the pleasure of the intimate connection to your surroundings you get from travelling by bike or on foot, there was always very affordable and efficient public transit. To me it stands as one of the major achievements of our societies.

  11. PAUL KUENN | | #11

    Go Bikes!
    Yes, we do have a Mazda mini van for long trips but all year long (yes, even at -20F we bike to work). Both my fat tire Surly (old like my Fisher and made in the US) pull my trailer. The trailer is a little Giant 17' ladder with wheels attatched with large velcro bands and the tool box and any wood can be carried on top. Limit about 65lbs and I do get it through snow storms in high gear spinning like crazy but it keeps me warmer. Cheers to those who care!

  12. jcstratton | | #12

    Video of electric scooter
    Here's a short video we made about our electric scooter, if anyone's interested in seeing what it's like.

  13. GBA Editor
    Martin Holladay | | #13

    Response to Chris Stratton
    Thanks for posting the link! Looks like a lot of fun.

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