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Green Building News

Georgia Pulls the Attic-Ventilator Plug (Sort of)

The state residential code allows only solar-powered versions; plug-in powered attic ventilators will no longer be allowed

Building science target. The money that would have been spent purchasing and installing one of these attic fans could pay for a more cost-effective upgrade, which would include more ceiling insulation and proper air sealing.
Image Credit: Florida Solar Energy Center

Attic ventilator fans have taken a whupping in the court of building science, played starring roles on useless-products lists, and gotten roughed up in the comments sections of blogs. Now they’re gadget non grata in Georgia’s supplement to the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code.

Actually, as energy consultant and Energy Vanguard blogger Allison Bailes points out, that particular part of Georgia’s code supplement contains a loophole. In its list of mandatory “Systems” requirements, Georgia allows solar-powered attic ventilators, but attic ventilators designed to use grid power “shall not be connected to the electric grid.” In other words, you can have one, as long as it’s not plugged in.

Dealing with the heat

Despite the compromise, the rap on attic ventilators is now anchored in code. Promoters of these machines say the devices help cool attics by exhausting hot air to the outside. However, attic-fan critics say the fans often draw makeup air from a home’s interior. During the summer, there’s obviously a major energy penalty if your attic fan is pulling air-conditioned indoor air from the living space into the attic through leaks in the ceiling.

Frequently cited research results from a study conducted in 1993 and one conducted by the Florida Solar Energy Center show that attic exhaust fans also can depressurize the living area to the extent they create potentially hazardous backdrafting conditions, particularly in homes with atmospherically vented gas appliances.

Energy consultants like Bailes and building scientists from FSEC and the Building Science Corporation suggest that, for most homes, the most cost-effective and safe approach to address high heat in attics is to perform air-sealing work at the ceiling and to insulate deeply.


  1. user-979382 | | #1

    attic ventilation
    This feels like a premature solution to the problem of poorly-sealed ceilings. With a bullet-proof air barrier, it's my hunch that mechanically pulling a carefully designed amount of hot air out of an attic will deliver a net energy saving, and will be more cost-effective than many costly schemes to drive sufficient volumes of natural ventilation. Georgia's vetting process is suspect - reaching a consensus for treating a symptom is easier than for solving a problem.

  2. user-659915 | | #2

    Response to Forrest
    Unfortunately, poorly-sealed ceilings are the norm. Unless and until 'bullet-proof' air barriers actually become the standard in new construction this Code ruling makes good sense.

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