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Metal roof // unvented // cathedral // exterior 4 1/2″ rigid insulation

Corners and connections are where insulation and air barriers can have trouble. Compressed or insufficient insulation can cause cold spots, which lead to condensation, mold, and rot. Air leaks at this connection can cut the effectiveness of the insulation substantially. In cold climates, this is where ice dams begin.

To keep the air barrier continuous, span the wall sheathing over the framing connection and use adhesive or sealants at framing connections as shown.

Roofs and walls need to dry

Moisture from both outside and inside a house can thwart your best efforts at keeping the building dry. Moisture in roof and wall assemblies is inevitable, so it's a good idea to design them so that they can dry. Roofs and walls that can dry to either the outside or inside are good, but those that can dry both directions are even better.

Exterior insulation keeps the framing warm and dry

By moving the insulation outside the framing, the chances of condensation are almost eliminated. Another benefit is that you can get a superinsulated roof without increasing the size of the rafters, or furring the framing down and encroaching on the living space.

For detailed information on this topic, read _Unvented Roof Systems_ at

Unvented roofs can perform well as long as they are properly detailed to limit moisture transfer from the interior. Construction details vary depending on climate, but closed-cell spray polyurethane foam (specifically allowed by Section R806.4 of the International Residential Code) can be used anywhere.

Venting above the sheathing allows drying

Conditioned attics with unvented roofs can still provide a drying path through ventilation. You can ventilate the roof cladding above the roof sheathing. You can do this the same way you ventilate wall claddings either with a drainage mat or with furring strips positioned above…

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