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Building Matters

How to Install Doors in Thick Walls

Super-insulated walls make it challenging to install standard-size doors. Here are a few proven options for making jamb and sill extensions that work.

In high-performance building envelopes—those with thick walls and other details that allow for extra insulation and air-sealing—installing standard doors poses challenges that builders don’t typically encounter on more conventional builds. The placement of the door relative to the depth of the opening can affect the swing and the threshold details, and thermal bridging can be an issue. There’s no single solution, but I’ve had luck with the details shown here. They can be adapted to work with imported doors, which are slightly different than what most North American builders are used to, but they’re based on standard door and jamb profiles.

Thick-wall assemblies can affect the degree to which a door opens as well as how easy or difficult it is to tie the water-resistive barrier (WRB) and air barrier into the jamb. Below are three approaches to consider.

 

A standard door installed to the exterior makes for simple trim details, but it requires interior extension jambs, which means the door can only open a bit more than 90°. If there’s no perpendicular wall to open against, the door will bind against the trim, which can loosen hinges and damage both door and trim. Plus, the WRB and air barrier are typically at the sheathing, which makes it complicated to tie the door frame into those layers because they will align toward the middle of the door jamb.

Ideally, order a door with thicker jambs. There are 6 9/16-in. jambs available off the shelf—perfect for 2×4 construction with 2 in. of exterior foam—or you can build your own or buy custom for thicker wall assemblies. Locally, I can get builder-grade doors with 9 1/8-in. jambs, and have seen jambs up to 11 1/8 in. from other suppliers. But even those depths are not…

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One Comment

  1. User avater
    Paul Kuenn | | #1

    Or, just make one yourself. In this case, a firetruck I was inspecting had an incorrect step so after removal, I took it home for my deep energy retrofit. Full 1/4" treadplate with return flange for drip edge.

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